Exhibition

SemIsrael Expo 2019 includes a 50-booths expo area, where IP, tools, and services will be introduced.
Make sure to visit, network, and learn about all the news in the WW semiconductor community

 

MEET OUR EXHIBITORS (alphabetically)

booth #36

S3 Semiconductors (S3semi), a wholly owned division of Adesto Technologies, a leading provider of application specific memories for the IoT market, designs advanced mixed signal chips and manages every aspect of supplying production devices to its customers using some of the world’s most advanced semiconductor production facilities.  With more than 20 years’ experience designing advanced analog and digital circuitry for hundreds of customers around the world, S3semi is capable of customizing and optimizing chip designs for each customer and delivering them in volume production for as long as they are needed.  S3semi delivers exception TCO (total cost of ownership) savings for its customers at volumes not previously thought possible with custom chip design.  S3 Semiconductors also has a large portfolio of mixed signal and RF IP which is leveraged for use in the development of their custom ASICs but also for licensing to customers who want to develop their own systems.  More information is available at www.s3semi.com and www.adestotech.com

booth #44

Algodone was founded in 2015 with a vision of enabling a new business paradigm for the semiconductor industry, “Silicon-as-a-Service”.

Through its patented Silicon Activation Licensing Technology (SALT), developed in collaboration with the University of Montpellier, semiconductor companies can activate/de-activate functionalities, configure features throughout silicon’s life cycle, monitor/control device usage through time, space, or special events, and most importantly, protect silicon Intellectual Property (IP) assets.

“Silicon-as-a-Service” offers enhanced flexibility, profitability and security for the semiconductor industry.

For more information, visit http://www.algodone.com.

booth #1

AMIQ EDA provides software tools that enable design and verification engineers increase the speed and quality of new code development, simplify legacy code maintenance, accelerate language and methodology learning, and improve source code reliability:
 - DVT Eclipse IDE is an integrated development environment (IDE) for the e language, SystemVerilog, Verilog, Verilog-AMS and VHDL. It is similar to well-known programming tools like Visual Studio®, NetBeans®, and IntelliJ®.
 - Verissimo SystemVerilog Testbench Linter is a coding guideline and verification methodology compliance checker that enables engineers to perform a thorough audit of their testbenches.
 - Specador is a tool that automatically generates accurate documentation from the source code.

 

AMIQ EDA was founded in 2008 and it has a team of ~15 RnD engineers. Our solutions have been adopted worldwide by 100+ companies in 30+ countries. 9 of Top 10 Worldwide Semiconductor Sales Leaders in Q1 2017 use our software to improve productivity and reduce time to market.

hosted in Micon Global booth (#16-17)

Amkor Technology, Inc. is one of the world’s largest providers of outsourced semiconductor packaging and test services. Founded in 1968, Amkor pioneered the outsourcing of IC packaging and test, and is now a strategic manufacturing partner for more than 250 of the world’s leading semiconductor companies, foundries and electronics OEMs. Amkor’s operating base includes 10 million square feet of floor space with production facilities, product development centers, and sales and support offices located in key electronics manufacturing regions in Asia, Europe and the U.S. For more information, visit www.amkor.com.

booth #28

The company covers the whole lively Israeli Silicon community and provides representation services to selected IP vendors from all around the world.

booth #10

Analog Bits, Inc. is the leader in developing and delivering low-power integrated clocking and interconnect IP that are pervasive in virtually all of today's semiconductors. Products include precision clocking macros such as PLLs and DLLs, programmable interconnect solutions, such as multi-protocol SERDES and I/Os; as well as specialized high-speed SRAMs and TCAMs.

ANSYS provides innovative power analysis and optimization solutions that enable engineers to design and deliver products meeting stringent power specification limits, while still reliably and consistently delivering power to the entire system and mitigating failures or performance degradation caused by power-induced noise. ANSYS’s comprehensive suite of integrated software and methodologies spans a full spectrum of power, noise and reliability solutions, including power reduction, power and signal integrity, thermal management, and EM, ESD and EMI verification, from early in the design phase through final system sign-off.

RedHawk-SC is the next-generation SoC power noise signoff platform to enable sub-16nm design success. RedHawk-SC is built on ANSYS SeaScape, the world's first custom-designed, big data architecture for electronic system design and simulation. SeaScape provides per-core scalability, flexible design data access, instantaneous design bring-up, MapReduce-enabled analytics and many other revolutionary capabilities.

booth #2

Arteris provides Network-on-Chip (NoC) interconnect semiconductor intellectual property (IP) to System on Chip (SoC) makers so they can reduce cycle time, increase margins, and easily add functionality. Arteris invented the industry's first commercial network on chip (NoC) SoC interconnect IP solutions and is the industry leader. Unlike traditional solutions, Arteris interconnect plug-and-play technology is flexible and efficient, allowing designers to optimize for throughput, power, latency and floorplan.

booth #4

ASICSERVE provides ASIC design services and custom tailored ASIC design environments and tools since 1990.

With extensive experience and knowhow of multidisciplinary design methodologies, ASICSERVE is instrumental in helping many Israeli startup companies to successfully tape-out their 1st ASIC.

ASICSERVE announces innovative product, eyeTIME™, which allows ASIC designer to review repeatedly and effectively very large and complex ASIC clock structures.

booth #20

AST is a leading provider of ASIC design and manufacturing services (40nm, 28nm, 16nm and 7nm) - Digital, Mix Signal and analog, advance IPs for ASIC projects, design tools and design automation solution (EDA) for the electronics design industry, as well as Applications Specific Standard Product (ASSP) for development and mass market. AST's highly skilled Sales and Application Engineers combine over 200 years of experience; Turn-Key services as well as on site support and consulting are provided, in the areas of ASIC and FPGA Design, EDA IT, CAD and Design Management. AST is the exclusive representative and distributor for some of the world's leading manufacturers of ASIC, ASSP, EDA software and IP.

booth #31

ATS Engineering’s Test Solution Services, including Turn-Key solutions, meet end user requirements in multiple industrial sectors including: Aircraft, Defense, Medical, Semiconductor and other Advanced Industry.

ATS Engineering makes your testing easy, and overall, contribute to improved ramp up time, assured quality of new products, better production performance affecting total output and in the end - the bottom line. ATS produces a competitive advantage for our customers in optimizing end product performance and accelerating time to market.

ATS Engineering offers the following services:
 

  • Development - Test Program, Qualification Plan

  • Testing of Prototypes and Series – small and medium volume

  • Assembly services with several partners

  • Device Qualification

  • Reliability and Failure Analysis of PCBs

  • Industrialization

  • Production Sustaining Activities

  • Custom Hardware Development

  • RF Testing

booth #40

Attopsemi Technology was founded in June 2010 in Hsinchu, Taiwan.
Attopsemi™ develops revolutionary I-fuse™ One-Time Programmable (OTP) IP cores for SoC integrations.

 

I-fuse™ unique “non-explosive” fuse programming mechanisms with high temperature and high reliability are guaranteed by physics.

 

  • I-fuse™ OTP solutions-- from 0.7um to 7nm and beyond

  • Smallest size (1/5~1/6 area of competitive OTP for sub-28nm)

  • Low voltage/current programming (1V/1mA @22nm)

  • Low voltage/current read (0.4V/1uA @22nm)

  • High reliability (defect <0.01ppm @22nm)

  • Wide temperature (-55°C to 250°C), Pass 1Khr 250oC HTS @22nm

  • Full testability to ensure ZERO defect.

  • Applications: AI, IoT, Automotive, industry, and communications.

booth #47

Avnet ASIC Israel (AAI) is an ASIC Design and Support Center, which provides complete ASIC and COT design services and turnkey manufacturing for fabless design houses and electronic system companies that develop advanced SoC devices. We partner with the world's leading foundries, IP vendors and assembly & test houses to provide our customers with a wide range of exceptional services. Our services have been successfully employed in various market sectors: communications, automotive, consumer, multimedia, military, and industrial.

booth #8

Beyond Electronics is a sales representative company serving the semiconductor market in Europe and Israel Our line card consists of a focused group of industry-leading suppliers supporting the semiconductor market. Offering one of the most attractive and complete portfolio our technical sales team are always welcome for early engagement with decision makers and designers when starting a new project. Founded in 2012 Beyond Electronics is rapidly expanding already recognized as a core partner by most of the OEM's, IDMs & Fabless firms in the region. Beyond have deployed a team of strong technical sales and application professionals who possess the requisite skills and background to forge long-term partnerships between our customers and principals.

booth #25

Based on a broad technology portfolio, ZEISS offers innovative process control solutions that deliver actionable information for front-end of line (FEOL), back-end of line (BEOL), packaging and assembly. ZEISS’s ongoing development of these technologies is key to meeting the semiconductor industry’s challenges for next-generation devices.

Getter Group, support market and service Carl Zeiss's portfolio in the Israeli market, for more than 15 years, from Advanced Light microscopy, Electron microscopy to Ion microscopy and High resolution 3D X-Ray.

booth #3

Chevin Technology Limited has been providing expert engineering design services for FPGAs since 2003, and specializes in providing reliable, high performance, Low Latency Ethernet IP for Xilinx FPGAs. Chevin Technology’s other key areas of expertise include: SSD Storage IP; FPGA Programming; Embedded software; Digital communications; Imaging Systems & Displays; System Integration, Hardware and Software; Test Development; Signal Processing.
 

Chevin Technology’s office is located at the Cambridge Science Park; however our customers are located in many countries around the world.
 

At Chevin Technology, we have designed our Ethernet IP to smooth the way for simple integration of FPGAs into your product, while supporting the highest of performance standards. Chevin Technology offer flexible, bespoke licensing, design and support packages to meet the business requirements of our customers, and to assist them through the integration process. We believe that our personalised approach is an invaluable aspect of the successful, timely achievement of our customers’ project goals. Chevin Technology aim to work closely with all of our clients to meet their current and future IP and design needs.

booth #27

CNW - Courier NetWork understands semiconductor logistics, supply chain and machine down challenges and delivers the fastest, customized and most efficient NFO solution for time and mission critical shipping requirements. By working closely with customers, CNW offers tailored solutions for labs and fabs, working 24/7 to escort shipments through the pickup, shipping, customs and delivery process to offer the highest standards of reliability and speed in the industry.

· Mission Critical - Safest and fastest route available 
· NFO (Next Flight Out) - 24/7 pick up, handling and delivery, 365 days a year 
· NFO+ - Unique service for super mission critical shipments 
· Hand Carry - Door to door package delivery with an on-board courier 
· Same Day - Pick up to delivery within hours 
· Dangerous Goods - Special handling of hazardous goods 
· Temperature Control - Specialty temperature-controlled package delivery 
· Drop Shipments - Point to point shipments from anywhere to anywhere

booth #6

Cohu offers the broadest portfolio of equipment and services for back-end semiconductor manufacturing, including a one-stop shop for test and handling equipment, thermal subsystems, test contacting, vision inspection and MEMS test solutions. The enhanced product portfolio gives the customers the best possible combination of technologies to match their business and technical needs, focused on increasing yield, reducing cost of test and accelerating time-to-market.

booth #13

CREATIVE CHIPS located in Bingen at Rhine is a German mid-size semiconductor manufacturer of customer specific mixed-signal and digital integrated circuits for industrial, automotive, consumer and medical applications. In addition to providing chip design, serial production and automated testing of high performance ASICs, Creative Chips also offers application specific standard ICs (ASSPs). 

booth #22

CritiLog Israel specializes in International transportation courier of urgent and sensitive shipments, our transportation commitment is within hours, 365 days 7X24.

  • Focus on urgent and sensitive shipments for Semiconductor, Hi Tech, Aviation and Bio-pharmaceutical industries.

  • Our services includes Door to Door or Person to Person, available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days all around the Globe

    • NFO service - Next Flight Out – combination of the fattest and the most suitable route for the shipment

    • SamedayAir – Same day pick up and deliveries by utilizing our Global Network of time:matters

      • Shortest handling time at the airports up to 60 min from aircraft departure or arrival

    • Hand Carry - OBC (On Board Courier) hand carry shipments

  • Company focuses on shipments requiring the utmost speed and care

  • We provide Tailor made highest level of service with specializing in Machine Down and SPM for the Semiconductor industry

  • Full in house operation including customer service, operation, brokerage and couriers

  • Offices and warehouse is located inside TLV airport cargo area with full airside access

  • Full Quality system in place

booth #39

Dan-el Technologies, Ltd. was founded in 1989 by a group of sales engineers with over 40 years of experience in the sale and marketing of Test and Measuring Instruments, ATE Systems, Electronics Components, Microwave Test Instruments.

 

Test and Measurement Division –  represents a group of well known manufacturers, from U.S., Europe and Far East, in the field of General Test and Measurement, Semiconductors Testing, IoT Solutions, Power Systems, Automatic Test Systems and Data Acquisition and Recording.

 

Dan-el Technologies, Ltd. is the authorized and exclusive Representative of

Keithley Instruments in Israel.

booth #31

represented by ATS Engineering Ltd  WEB: www.ats-eng.com    
 

ELES is a world leader in semiconductor reliability test equipment, burn in boards and engineering solutions, who work in partnership with clients to optimize their cost of test, reduce time to market and generate reliability test reports that can drive continuous improvement of products and processes towards zero defects.

booth #30

ELSYS Eastern Europe is an electronic systems design company specialized in microelectronics through delivering leading-edge services in numerous areas of System-On-Chip design. ELSYS Eastern Europe is specialized in complex projects in the areas of electronic systems especially in digital/mix-signal/analog ASIC/FPGA design. From its technical centers in Belgrade and Novi Sad, Serbia, ELSYS Eastern Europe supports well-known international corporations, as well as mid-size highly specialized companies in their semiconductor design projects. ELSYS Eastern Europe, composed of more than 180 highly skilled engineers, provides design services, using the latest technology solutions. As part of ADVANS Group, leader on European market, over the years we have made strategic partnerships with key-market players in semiconductor industry.
 

 

ELSYS EE is Member of a 1000 Engineer Group


ELSYS Eastern Europe is part of the Advans Group, which gathers more than 1000 engineers in 7 countries. The Advans Group specializes in complex projects in the areas of electronic systems, application software and mechanics. In addition to its engineering services, the group develops technology solutions like embedded infotainment platforms or graphics IP, and spins-off/supports innovative start-ups.

booth #42

eSilicon provides complex FinFET ASICs, market-specific IP platforms and advanced 2.5D packaging solutions. Our ASIC-proven, differentiating IP includes highly configurable 7nm 56G/112G SerDes plus networking-optimized 16/14/7nm FinFET IP platforms featuring HBM2 PHY, TCAM, specialized memory compilers and I/O libraries. Our neuASIC™ platform provides AI-specific IP and a modular design methodology to create adaptable, highly efficient AI ASICs. eSilicon serves the high-bandwidth networking, high-performance computing, artificial intelligence (AI) and 5G infrastructure markets. www.esilicon.com

booth #28

Flex Logix is a supplier of embedded FPGA IP and software to enable SoC and MCU designers to implement blocks of reconfigurable RTL which can be reprogrammed at any time, including while in-system.  Flex Logix is venture backed, headquartered in Silicon Valley and managed by experienced executives in Semiconductor IP.   We are a TSMC IP Alliance Member and were awarded TSMC’s Partner of the Year Award for 2017 for New IP.  Our IP is silicon proven in TSMC 40ULP/LP, 28HPC/HPC+ and 16FF+/FFC/12FFC.  Validation silicon reports are available under NDA. Our eFPGA is super scalable: we can provide arrays from 100 to 200K LUTs with ~75 sizes, plus we have options for DSP and RAM.  We can deliver a GDS/LIB/LEF/all design files for our proven nodes in days on demand.  We have numerous app notes: I/O Mux, Networking, programmable serial I/O, reconfigurable accelerators, flexible micro controller and more.  We even have applications/architecture support in Hebrew from an engineer who has worked in multiple networking companies in Israel + USA.

booth #37

Floadia is a team of experienced engineers who were developing embedded memory for more than 20 years. 
Floadia’s development team comprises not only with memory engineers and circuit designers 
but also people with deep knowledge in the manufacturing process and quality assurance to provide full range of service, like no other IP vendors.

booth #31

Represented by ATS Engineering Ltd  WEB: www.ats-eng.com    
 

FormFactor, Inc. (NASDAQ:FORM) is a leading provider of essential test and measurement technologies along the full IC life cycle – from characterization, modeling, reliability, and design de-bug, to qualification and production test.

Semiconductor companies rely upon our products and services to accelerate profitability by optimizing device performance and advancing yield knowledge.

Through education, collaboration and innovation, FormFactor helps customers navigate the technology transitions essential to next-generation applications. Markets like data center, mobile and automotive are growing rapidly, and our experts are helping test engineers drive precision into volume.

By expanding its broad-based test expertise across the design-to-silicon continuum, FormFactor can provide a comprehensive perspective, to become a trusted partner in the semiconductor industry ecosystem.

booth #48

Imec.IC-link is a division of imec. Imec.IC-link responsible for connecting innovators and entrepreneurs to advanced integrated circuit technologies from the leading international foundries. It functions as imec’s main access point to the commercial activities of over  300 SMEs and 600 research institutions through its Europractice fabrication service. Its staff of over 100 people work with customers to deliver design services, prototyping, productization and volume production services, including packaging and testing, along with guidance on printed circuit board design and assembly. Imec.IC-link is based in Leuven, Belgium, and is a certified TSMC value chain aggregator for Europe, The Middle East, Brazil, and India. Further information on imec can be found at http://www.imec-int.com/en/iclink.
 

Imec is a registered trademark for the activities of IMEC International (a legal entity set up under Belgian law as a "stichting van openbaar nut”), imec Belgium (IMEC vzw supported by the Flemish Government).

booth #38

Professional R&D ASIC Solutions Company, offering a wide range of Services designed to meet specific needs of customers who require maximum value in their design projects. Inomize is the largest Israeli ASIC design Solutions Company. Inomize is offering a unique business model to startup companies.

booth #19

Inside Secure are world-class experts in Security IP, with many years of expertise in securing your design with best-in-class silicon and sw IP. Our silicon and software IP solutions cover the entire range of True Random Number Generators, Hash and Crypto Accelerators, Keys and Security Assets Management and Protection, and Secure Packet Protocols (such as IPsec and MACsec).  Our IP is found in major company high-end designs that demand extreme performance (such as 800G MACsec) as well as in new, ground-breaking IoT applications from companies that require extreme silicon size savings.

 

We are the #1 Provisioning provider in the industry, with billions of chips provided by our systems. Our CAMO (camouflage) libraries also protects keys and critical assets in a wide number of designs and have never been broken by an attacker, since their creation more than 10 years ago.

 

Inside Secure are IP leaders that focus  in Security IP as their main and sole expertise, differentiating ourselves from other playsers in our industry. 

 

RoT and PRoT are IP ecosystems protecting the SoC platform, identity and operation, allowing it to securely boot and protect sensitive key material and assets. They incorporate energy-efficient, accelerated cryptographic and other security services on board to build trusted solutions that are executed isolated and secured from the general-purpose computing resources.

 

Security is a SoC Commitment! And we are here to help.  For more information: www.insidesecure.com

booth #19

IPro licenses Silicon IP to the Israeli Chip Design Community, from selected IP companies, world-wide. We deliver key functionality for your design through best-in-class IP and first-class support. 

We act as one company. Operating at the same high standards of support and commitment that you have learned to trust along years of partnership, the IPro Group continues a long tradition of engaged support and information exchange. We inform you, learn your needs, and provide solutions for your design challenges, enabling you to reach the market with world-class designs - fast!

Imagine a vibrant community of Israeli fabless companies and IP vendors, collaborating closely and sharing information. Imagine an atmosphere of trust and cooperation and mutual commitment for the success of your designs and the constant improvement of our IP offer. This is the IPro vision - a one-stop shop of state-of-the-art IP with unique engagement and bond to our Partners. 

booth #13

KAL is representing EDA, IP and design companies and providing the hi-tech market with VLSI services as well as consultancy.

booth #39

Keithley Instruments, has been designing, manufacturing and marketing advanced electrical test instruments and systems for the specialized needs of electronics manufacturers in high performance production testing, process monitoring, product development and research.

Keithley Instruments has approximately 500 products that are used to source, measure, connect, control or communicate direct current (DC) or pulsed electrical signals. Keithley customers include scientists and engineers in the worldwide electronics industry involved with 3D sensing, advance materials research,
semiconductor device development and fabrication, and the production of end products such as portable wireless devices.

booth #35

Keysight Technologies Inc. is the world's leading electronic measurement company, transforming today's measurement experience through innovations in wireless, modular, and software solutions. With its HP and Agilent legacy, Keysight delivers solutions in wireless communications, aerospace and defense and semiconductor markets with world-class platforms, software and consistent measurement science.

booth #9

L&T Technology Services Limited (LTTS) is a listed subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro Limited focused on Engineering and R&D (ER&D) services. We offer consultancy, design, development and testing services across the products designed for Telecom, Networking, Automotive and Industrial IOT segments.
 

Our customer base includes 52 Fortune 500 companies and 48 of the world’s top ER&D companies, across industrial products, medical devices, transportation, telecom & hi-tech, and the process industries. Headquartered in India, we have around 11,000 employees spread across 15 global delivery centers, 28 global sales offices and 38 innovation labs in India as of September 30, 2017. Our engineering teams have developed over 254 patents for businesses across the globe.
 

The L&TTS Israel launched several months ago specializing in end to end ASIC design/development/testing/ with deep expertise in security domain.

 
For additional information contact Michael Rubinov :
+972-544-742750, michael.rubinov@lnttechservices.com

booth #50

Mentor, a Siemens Business, is a world leader in electronic hardware and software design solutions, providing products, consulting services and award-winning support for the world’s most successful electronic, semiconductor and systems companies. We enable companies to develop better electronic products faster and more cost-effectively.  Our innovative products help conquer complex design challenges. Mentor is technology leader in full chip emulation, Design-for-Test and physical verification with its Veloce®, Tessent® and Calibre® platforms. Visit www.mentor.com

booth #18

Methodics, Inc. is a leading provider of IP Lifecycle Management (IPLM), SoC integration, design data management (DM), and storage and workspace optimization/acceleration solutions for semiconductor design. Its Percipient™, VersIC™, and WarpStor™ products reduce the time, complexity and costs involved in multi-site and multi-geographic IP-based analog and digital design and IP reuse.  Automating the release process and integrating IP-aware cataloging, bug tracking, and data management built on industry-standard tools such as the Perforce®, Subversion®, and Jira® ensures efficient global collaboration. 

Additional information is available at www.methodics.com.

booth #16 + #17

Micon, established in 2001, provides leading international semiconductors companies the advantages of reaching the innovative Israeli semiconductors industry. We shorten the distance between tier-one global suppliers & service providers and local Israeli semiconductors companies. Leverage our expertise to integrate your company with the Israeli advanced technology sector.
Micon's proven track record of facilitating successful international partnerships was forged thanks to our commitment to provide ongoing support and immediate response to clients’ needs. That accessibility and responsiveness has earned Micon long-term client loyalty and trust. Our network includes Israel's largest semiconductors companies, as well as technology start-ups and early-stage ventures. With our multidisciplinary and experienced team, Micon can answer the needs of any size client.  

booth #5

Mobile Semiconductor is a privately held company founded in 2006 with offices located in Seattle, Washington and Williston, Vermont. The company develops SRAM, ROM and Register File compilers optimized for applications requiring ultra-low power, low leakage or ultra-high performance.
 

Mobile Semiconductor’s Low-voltage SRAMs can operate at minimum voltages and power and have ultra-low power standby capabilities to extend useful battery life of end products with applications in low power digital signal processing (DSP), in the Internet of Things (IoT) and in low power networking applications using standards such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE).

Mobile Semiconductor offers foundry sponsored compilers for GLOBALFOUNDRIES.

booth #21

NanoZeta Technologies is a world class provider of IC design services for RF, Analog, Mixed Signal and Milliwave blocks, subsystems and systems. 
In addition, NanoZeta Technologies enables full RF and Microwave solutions including Antenna and Board design.  
The NanoZeta team combines a long-standing experience and a unique combination of skills backed up by a history of many successful and innovative projects.
Nanozeta expertise includes design, simulation and characterization of RF, Microwave and Millimeter Wave Integrated Circuits for 5GHz, 60GHz and 80 GHz transceivers  as well as PLLs, DLLs, Bandgap References, Analog Front-Ends, Analog Basebands, Operational Transconductance Amplifiers, PGAs, Filters, CTLEs, SSTL and LVDS High Speed IOs,  LDOs and multiple additional RF, Analog, Mixed Signal sub-blocks.

booth #3

​For over 15 years we provide with our partners best in class solutions in the domains of IP cores, different types of services and tools.

We have many customers with successful working designs in the field.

Our customers are both semiconductor  and system comapnies in commercial and

military implementations.